Executive Order 9066 Legacy of ShameLoading
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Shortly after arriving by bus from their home in Berkeley, Andrew Toyoaki Nozaka, 8, and his mother, Toyo Ichiki Nozaka, 42, and sister, Alice, 10, ask for help locating their living quarters near the grandstands of the Tanforan Assembly Center.
    Dorothea Lange | Dorothea Lange
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Andrew Toyoaki Nozaka, 79, was interned at the Tanforan Assembly Center in San Bruno, California and then at the Topaz Internment Camp near Delta, Utah. "My father believed in America, in democracy, in capitalism, here were all these things, true blue, but he couldn't become a citizen, irony upon irony" Nozaka said.
    Paul Kitagaki Jr. | Paul Kitagaki Jr. ©2012
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    George Hirano, 18, recently drafted by the US Army, poses with his mother, Hisa, 58, and his father, Yasbei, 66,, in the Poston Internment Camp 2 near Parker, Arizona in 1944. Hisa Hirano holds a photograph of her oldest son, Shigaru, a member of the US Army 442nd Infantry Regiment.
    Unknown | National Archives
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    George Hirano, 87 was born in Watsonville, Calif. to immigrant farmers that grew strawberries and dry beans on a small five-acre farm prior to WWII. The family of six was first interned for three months at the Salinas Assembly Center, then they were transfered to Poston Internment Camp 2 in Arizona for the duration of the war.
    Paul Kitagaki Jr. | Paul Kitagaki Jr. ©2012
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Ibuki Hibi, 5, holds her doll and waits with her mother, Hisako Hibi, 35, as they stand with the family's luggage in downtown Hayward in 1942. The Hibi family was being taken to the Tanforan Assembly Center. When they arrived at Tanforan they lived in a horse stall. Ibuki said, " We saw big piles of hay in the room and thought it is for the horse to eat, but was told it was to stuff a mattress for sleeping." Photographed by Dorothea Lange in Hayward, Calif. 5/ 8/ 42
    Dorothea Lange | National Archives
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Ibuki Hibi Lee, 75, stands on the same location on "C" Street in Hayward, Calif. where her family waited for a bus to take them to the Tanforan Assembly Center 70 years ago. Ibuki said, " you have to think of camp from the view of injustice, and it was really an injustice to Japanese Americans and those that were citizens. It had to do a lot with economics, racism and politics."
    Paul Kitagaki Jr. | Paul Kitagaki Jr. ©2012
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    The Ouchida and Ogata children stand in front of the Akiyama grocery store on Florin Road two days prior to their evacuation to the Fresno Assembly Center. They were then sent to the Jerome Internment Camp in Arkansas. Harold Ouchida their father, was a second generation Japanese-America who ran a successful produce shipping company.-- Photographed by Dorothea Lange, Florin, California. 5/ 11/ 42
    Dorothea Lange | War Relocation Authority
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Lucille Yokota Ouchida, 80, Arlene Ogata Keunji, 79, Lester Ouchida, 75, and Earl Ouchida, 78, stand on Florin Road where the Akiyama grocery store stood 70 years ago. The Ouchida's father operated Northern California Farms which had 20 trucks and shipped the strawberries and grapes from the local Japanese farmers to the retail stores. Their father lost his business when the family was shipped to the Gila Internment camp in the Arizona desert.
    Paul Kitagaki Jr. | Paul Kitagaki Jr. å©2012
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Sansei, a third generation Japanese-American, Joan Yamasaki Matsuoka, 5, left, recites the Pledge of Allegiance the Raphael Weill School in San Francisco, California before being sent to the Topaz Internment Camp in Utah in April, 1942. Dorothea Lange
    Dorothea Lange | National Archives
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Joan Matsuoka, 75, stands on the playground of Rosa Parks Elementary School, formerly known as the Raphael Weill School, where she was photographed in 1942 by Dorothea Lange. Matsuoka was sent to the Tanforan Assembly Center and then later transferred to the Topaz Internment Camp near Delta, Utah.
    Paul Kitagaki Jr. | Paul Kitagaki Jr. ©2012
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Gladys Matsumoto, 16, center, Shizuko Sakihara, 16, left, and Judy Nakao, 17, walk home from school at the Manzanar Internment Camp. Matsumoto was born in Elk Grove, Calif. where her family farmed Her father, Shigeruoka also had a grocery store, the Davis Highway Market in West Sacramento run by his two older sons.
    Ansel Adams | Ansel Adams
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Gladys Katsuki, 85, was a freshman at Elk Grove High School in California when Pearl Harbor was bombed in 1941. Her family was interned at the Fresno Assembly Center, the Manzanar Internment Camp and finally the Amache Internment Camp in Colorado.
    Paul Kitagaki Jr. | Paul Kitagaki Jr. ©2012
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    Mitsuo "Mits" Mori, 9, receives a haircut at the Tule Lake Internment Camp barbershop. Mori's family wanted to repatriate to Japan, but later decided to stay in the United States when his mother became pregnant. Carl Mydans/ Time & Life Pictures/ Getty Images
    Carl Mydans | Time Life Pictures/ Getty Images
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Sansei, third generation Japanese America, Mitsuo "Mits" Mori arrived at the Poston Internment Camp in 1943 and was later transferred to the Tule Lake Internment Camp. Mori's father, Harry Megumi Mori, owned the thriving Ohio Cleaners on 3rd Street in San Francisco.
    Paul Kitagaki Jr. | Paul Kitagaki Jr. ©2012
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Masatoshi Tachibana, 8, right, looking at camera, stands in front of the Catholic church at the Manzanar Internment Camp with two Japanese America nuns, Sisters Susanna and Bernadette from Maryknoll Catholic Center in Los Angeles. The group was photographed by Ansel Adams and appeared in Adams' book "Born Free and Equal."
    Ansel Adams | Ansel Adams
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Masatoshi Mason Tachibana, 77, was seven years-old when his family was sent to the Manzanar Internment Camp in 1942. One of six children of Ichijiro and Iku Tachibana, Tachibana said, "I was only seven when I went in, but I knew something was wrong."
    Paul Kitagaki Jr. | Paul Kitagaki Jr. ©2012
  • Second generation Japanese Americans Helene Nakamoto Mihara, 7, left, and Mary Ann Yahiro, 7, center, recite the Pledge of Allegiance the Raphael Weill School in San Francisco, California before being sent to the Topaz Internment Camp in Utah in April, 1942. Photograph by Dorothea Lange
    Dorothea Lange | Dorothea Lange
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Mary Ann Yahiro,72, and Helene Nakamoto Mihara, 72, photographed on January 20, 2007, stood in the play ground of the Raphael Weill School in 1942 photographed by Dorothea Lange reciting the Pledge of Alligence in San Francisco, California. Helene, "We saluted the flag every morning, I thing that was routine and then everybody went to class." Her father owned the America Fish Market in the Japantown section of San Francisco. He was arrested by the FBI but reunited with his family in the Topaz Internment Camp. Mary's parents were split up, her mother, a teacher who taught Japanese was arrested and sent to a separate camp. She never saw her mom again. "I don't have bitterness like a lot of people might." She and her family spent the war in theTopaz Internment Camp.
    Paul Kitagaki Jr. | Paul Kitagaki Jr. ©2012
  • Yukiko Okinaga Hayakawa, 2, spent three years interned in Block 2 at Manzanar Internment Camp with her single mother, Mikiko Hayakawa, 24, during WWII. The second generation Japanese American was a two year old when she was photographed by Clem Albers as she sat on her luggage at Union Station in Los Angeles after leaving their home Little Tokyo.
    Clem albers | National Archives
  • Hayward, Calif.-- Members of the Mochida family awaiting evacuation bus. Identification tags are used to aid in keeping the family unit intact during all phases of evacuation. Mochida operated a nursery and five greenhouses on a two-acre site in Eden Township. He raised snapdragons and sweetpeas. Evacuees of Japanese ancestry will be housed in War Relocation Authority centers for the duration. -- Photographer: Lange, Dorothea -- Hayward, California. 5/ 8/ 42 UC Berkeley, Bancroft Library
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Nisei, second generation Japanese Americans of the Mochida family are Hiroko Mochida, 69, Kayoko Ikuma,71, Satsuki Mae Ward, 75, Tooru Mochida,73, and seated Miyuki Hirano, 72, photographed May 21, 2006. The Mochida family operated a nursery and five greenhouses on a two-acre site in the Eden Township, now Fremont, Calif. Their father, Moriki Mochida raised snapdragons and sweet peas. They were interned at the Tanforan Assembly center and the Topaz Interment Camp during WWII and when they returned they had lost their business and had to start over.
    Paul Kitagaki Jr. | Paul Kitagaki Jr.©2012
  • Fumiko Hayashida, a young mother of thirty-one, carries her 13 month-old daughter Natalie Kayo, holding her teddy bear, on March 30, 1942, along the Eagledale Ferry landing as she walked surrounded by armed soldiers to a waiting ferry on Bainbridge Island that would send her to Manzanar Internment Camp in California arriving by train on April 1, 1942 (April Fools Day). Post-Intelligencer Collection, Museum of History & Industry.
    Must credit: Seattle Post-Intell
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Fumiko Hayashida, 95, and her daughter Natalie Ong, 66, photographed July 20, 2006 on the family farm where they were evacuated from on Bainbridge Island, Washington. Fumiko is now 101 years old.
    Paul Kitagaki Jr. | Paul Kitagaki Jr. ©2012
  • Shigeo Jerry Aso, 3, right, and his brother, Sadao Bill Aso 6, with their grandfather Sakutaro Aso, 70, were photographed by Dorothea Lange on May 8, 1942 in Hayward, Ca. as they wait for a bus to take them to Tanforan Assembly Center. Sakutaro Aso started the Mt. Eden Laundry in Hayward and sold the business before going to the Tanforan Assembly Center, Topaz and Amache Internment Camps during WWII. Photograph by Dorothea Lange
    Dorothea Lange | Dorothea Lange
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Bill Asano, 70, right, and his brother, Jerry Aso, 67, photographed in Portland, Oregon September 1, 2006 are both dental professionals. On May 5, 1942 they were photographed with their 70 year old grandfather Sakutaro Aso, who started the Mt. Eden Laundry in Hayward, California and sold the business before going to the Tanforan Assembly Center, Topaz and Amache Internment Camps during WWII. Bill said,"When I look at the picture I can see my grandfather realized that something terrible was happening and his life was never going to be the same again, that was the end of the line for him." Jerry said looking at the photograph of his grandfather, "So his dream of coming to the United States, his dream of making a life, his dream of having his children working in this business, to support them all were totally dashed."
    Paul Kitagaki Jr. | Paul Kitagaki Jr. ©2012
  • Hiroko Mochida, 3, and Miyuki Mochida, 6, wait with their parents for an evacuation bus in Hayward, Ca. on May 8, 1942. Miyuki Mochida holds a sandwich given to her by a group of women from a local church. The family unit is kept intact during evacuation and at War Relocation Authority centers where evacuees of Japanese ancestry will be housed. Photograph by Dorothea Lange
    Dorothea Lange | Dorothea Lange
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Nisei, second generation Japanese Americans of the Mochida family are Hiroko Mochida, 69, and seated Miyuki Hirano, 72, photographed May 21, 2006. The Mochida family operated a nursery and five greenhouses on a two-acre site in the Eden Township, now Fremont, Calif. Their father, Moriki Mochida raised snapdragons and sweet peas. They were interned at the Tanforan Assembly center and the Topaz Interment Camp during WWII and when they returned they had lost their business and had to start over.
    Paul Kitagaki Jr. | Paul Kitagaki Jr.©2012
  • Ted Miyata, stands with his mother, Nami Miyata 53, in a strawberry field at Florin and Power Inn roads near Sacramento. Miyata, 23, volunteered for military service July 10, 1941, and was stationed at Camp Leonard Wood, Missouri. He was furloughed to help his mother and family prepare for their evacuation. He is the youngest of six children, two of them volunteers in the U.S. Army. Nami Miyata came from Japan 37 years ago. Her husband died 21 years ago, leaving her to raise six children. Photograph by Dorothea Lange
    Dorothea Lange | Dorothea Lange
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Standing in the field at Florin and Power Inn Roads where her grandmother grew strawberries on three acres of leased land before the war, Donna Nakashima, 45, photographed on May 12, 2007 in Sacramento, Calif. holds her father's U.S. Army dogtags, his hat and the American flag presented to the family at his funeral in 2001. In May 1942, 23-year-old Ted Miyata was given leave from the army to help his mother, Nami Miyata, 53, a Japanese immigrant and widow who raised six children on her own harvest strawberries from this field before she was detained for the rest of the war at the Tule Lake camp. He served as a S/ Sgt. medic in the heavily decorated 442nd Regimental Combat Team in Europe and worked after the war as a pharmacist in Chicago, where Nakashima was raised. "I think in this picture my grandmom and dad look happy," she said. "I don't know why."
    Paul Kitagaki Jr. | Paul Kitagaki Jr. ©2012
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Itaru Ina, right foreground, stands in the Tule Lake interment camp jail during WWII before he was sent to the Department of Justice Interment camp for enemy aliens in at Fort LIncoln, Bismarck, North Dakota. Photograph from the National Archives and Records Administration
    National Archives | National Archives
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Satsuki Ina, 62, when photographed in 2006, was born at the former Tule Lake segregation center in Tule Lake, Calif. and stands in the jail were her father, Itaru, was held before he was sent to a Department of Justice Internment camp in Bismarck, North Dakota for enemy aliens. Her American born parents were interned first at Topaz internment camp and then the Tule Lake Segregation Camp after both answered no and no to the loyalty question No. 27 and No. 28 that many Japanese Americans considered tricks that could leave people stateless. Ina is a psychotherapist specializing in trauma and a retired professor from Sacramento State. She produced two documentaries on the Japanese American experience during WWII and won an Emmy for the documentary, "From A Silk Cocoon." Photographed on July 1, 2006 in Tule Lake, California.
    Paul Kitagaki Jr. | Paul Kitagaki Jr. ©2012
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    A large group of Japanese Americans walk down the pier to board the ferry at Bainbridge Island, Wa. on March 30, 1942. Escorted by armed soldiers, they were being taken to the Manzanar Internment Camp in California after Executive Order 9066 was issued on February 19, 1942. Post-Intelligencer Collection, Museum of History & Industry.
    Seattle Post-Intelligencer | Seattle Post-Intelligencer
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Fumiko Hayashida, 95, second from right, with her extended family the Nishinaka's and Hayashida's photographed July 20, 2006 at the old Eagledale Ferry landing on Bainbridge Island, Washington. They were evacuated and surrounded by armed soldiers as they walked to a waiting ferry on Bainbridge Island that would send her to Manzanar Internment Camp in California arriving by train on April 1, 1942 (April Fools Day). The site is now the Bainbridge Island Japanese American Exclusion Memorial.
    Paul Kitagaki Jr. | Paul Kitagaki Jr. ©2012
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Hiroshi Hayashida, left, waves a flag as he and his family leave Seattle, Wa on a train March 30, 1942 for the Manzanar Internment Camp in California. Hiroshi's sisters Susan Hayashida Fujita and Yasuko Hayashida Mito are in the window beside him, his mother, Nobuko Nishinaka Hayashida, is at the rear, center. The family arrived in Manzanar on April 1, 1942. Photograph by the Seattle Star
    Seattle Star
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Hiroshi Hayashida, Susan Hayashida Fujita and Yasuko Hayashida Mito photographed July 21, 2006 Seattle, Washington stand on the railroad tracks where they left Seattle by train to be interned at Manzanar Internment Camp in California arriving by train on April 1, 1942 (April Fools Day). They were captured with Hiroshi waving an American Flag from the train window as they left.
    Paul Kitagaki Jr. | Paul Kitagaki Jr. ©2012
  • Harvey Akio Itano, 21, a 1942 graduate of the University of California, Berkeley where he received his B.S. Degree in Chemistry. He sits in his quarters at the Tule Lake Internment Camp. Chosen by the faculty as University Medalist of 1942, Itano was a member of Phi Beta Kappa and Sigma Xi. Itano was evacuated to the assembly center prior to the commencement exercises at which President Robert Gordon Sproul said, "he cannot be with us today. His country has called him elsewhere." Photographed by Dorothea Lange, May 20, 1942
    Dorothea Lange | Dorothea Lange
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Dr. Harvey Akio Itano, 85, photographed at his home on March 7, 2007 in La Jolla, Calif. was a co-discover of the genetic cause of sickle cell anemia while working with Dr. Linus Pauling at Cal Tech in 1949. Locked behind barbed wire fences at the Walerga Assembly Center the top student at UC Berkeley was unable to graduate with his classmates but at the commencement exercises President Robert Gordon Sproul said, "He cannot be with us today. His country called his elsewhere." Itano was interned at Tule Lake Interment camp and was the first student able to continue his studies and left camp for the St. Louis Medical School on July 4, 1942. Itano passed away May 8, 2010 at age 89.
    Paul Kitagaki Jr. | Paul Kitagaki Jr. ©2012
  • Dressed in her best clothes, Mae Yanagi, 7, waits with her pregnant mother, Kinuye Yanagi, right, to be bused to housing in the Tanforan Assembly Center by the War Relocation Authority. The Yanagi family spent several months in a horse stall at Tanforan before being sent to the Topaz Internment Camp in the Utah desert. Hayward, California. Photograph by Dorothea Lange.5/ 8/ 42
    Dorothea Lange | Dorothea Lange/UCBerkley, Bancro
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Mae Yanagi Ferral dressed in her best clothes was 7 while waiting with her family for a bus to take them the Tanforan Assembly Center, where they they lived for several months in a horse stall. From there they were sent to the Topaz Interment camp in the desert Utah during WWll. Her father Satsuo, and immigrant from Japan started a successful business, the Meekland Nursery in Hayward before the war. Returning home after the war they lost their home and business and her father started over as a gardener. Mae was the first in her family to go to college and she found a career as a teacher, Photographed in her backyard in Sacramento, Calif. on October 16, 2007.
    Paul Kitagaki Jr. | Paul Kitagaki Jr. ©2012
  • Evacuee orphans of Japanese ancestry were photographed by Dortohea Lange on July 1, 1942 at the Children's Village at the War Relocation Authority Center at Manzanar. Mrs. Harry Matsumoto, bottom left, a University of California graduate, and her husband are superintendents of the Children's Village where 65 evacuee orphans from three institutions are now housed. Photograph by Dorothea Lange
    Dorothea Lange | Dorothea Lange, UC Berkeley, Ban
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Lillian Matsumoto, 95, photographed December 6, 2006, and her husband Harry, convinced the government that a home needed to established for the Japanese evacuee orphans. They gathered children from the Shonien home in Los Angles, Maryknoll Catholic Home for Japanese Children and the Japanese Salvation Army home of San Francisco and established the Children's Village for orphaned children in the Manzanar Internment Camp during WWII. The village held 105 children from the ages of three months to 17 years. In 1944 they adopted a three month old orphan who was sent from the Tule Lake Internment camp, Karyl Matsumoto who is now a South San Francisco city council member.
    Paul Kitagaki Jr. | Paul Kitagaki Jr. ©2012
  • After the attack on Pearl Harbor, Nebraska farmer Ben Kuroki volunteered for the U.S. Army Air Corps. He would become the first Japanese-American war hero, surviving 58 missions as an aerial gunner over Europe, North Africa and Japan. Pictured: Ben Kuroki at a dinner held in his honor at the Heart Mountain Wyoming Internment center, which held 11,000 people of Japanese descent. Kuroki visited Heart Mountain in 1944. War Relocation Authority photo courtesy Ben Kuroki
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Japanese American war hero Ben Kuroki, 90, at his home in Camarillo,California photographed on December 13, 2007. Kuroki volunteered in the Army Air Force from his farm in Hersey, Nebraska. He fought to get into battle and then flew 30 missions as a gunner abroad a B-24's in Europe and 28 missions in the Pacific in B-29's. Kuroki said, " I didn't want to be called a Jap, I wanted to prove my loyalty." Kuroki spent 34 years as a journalist and retire as news editor for the Ventura Star Free Press in 1984
    Paul Kitagaki Jr. | Paul Kitagaki Jr. ©2012
  • Yasuke Shimada, 57, walks a half mile from the train to the Turlock, Ca. Assembly center on May 2, 1942. The Shimada family then moved to the Gila River Internment Camp in Arizona. Photograph by Dorothea Lange
    Dorothea Lange | Dorothea Lange
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Yoshi Shimada, 85, photographed June 24, 2008. His mother, Yasuke, 57, when she was photographed walking about a half mile from the train to the Turlock Assembly center. The family then moved to the Gila River Internment Camp in Arizona.Yoshi said," We are the first group into the the unfinished camp and then went to had to help dig trenches for the outhouse."
    Paul Kitagaki Jr. | Paul Kitagaki Jr. ©2012
  • Mitsunobu "Mits" Kojimoto, 19, an early comer arrives with personal effects at 2020 Van Ness Avenue as part of the contingent of 664 residents of Japanese ancestry, first to be evacuated from San Francisco on April 6, 1942. Evacuees will be housed in War Relocation Authority centers for the duration. At age 19, Kojimoto volunteered for the U.S. Army and joined the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, H company. He received the Bronze Star for his service in France and Italy. Photograph by Dorothea Lange
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Mitsunobu "Mits" Kojimoto, 85, sits in outside the building on Van Ness Street in San Francisco July 11, 2008 where he waited for a bus to take him to the Santa Anita Assembly Center. At age 19, Kojimoto volunteered for the U.S. Army and joined the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, H company. He received the Bronze Star for his service in France and Italy.
    Paul Kitagaki Jr. | Paul Kitagaki Jr. ©2012
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Shizuko Ina, 25, waits in line to register her family with other residents of Japanese ancestry on April 25, 1942 in San Francisco, CA for internment during WWII. Registration was required by Executive Order 9066 and all evacuees were housed in War Relocation Authority centers for the duration of WWII. Photograph by Dorothea Lange.
    Dorothea Lange | Dorothea Lange
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Japanese American Satsuki Ina, 67, was born at Tule Lake Internment camp to her Nisei, second generation parents during WWII. Photographed in Sacramento, Calif., February 14, 2012. The psychotherapist and retired CSUS professor produced two documentaries on the on the Japanese internment experience during WWII, one which won an Emmy, "From A Silk Cocoon."
    Paul Kitagaki Jr. | pkitagaki@sacbee.com
  • Willie Fusao Hayashida, left, and Takeshi Ouchida eat a meal at the Mazanar Internment Camp during WWII. Ansel Adams' book "Born Free and Equal"
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Japanese American Willie Fusao Hayashida, 71, was interned at Manzanar internment camp with his family during WWII at his home in Sacramento, Calif., February 09, 2012. the retired Intel engineer was a three year-old boy when he was photographed by Ansel Adams as he ate a meal in the Manzanar Interment camp during WWII and published in the 1944 Adams book, " Born Free and Equal."
    Paul Kitagaki Jr. | pkitagaki@sacbee.com
  • Suyematsu Kitagaki, 65, center, and his wife Juki Kitagaki, 53, left, sit with their children, Kimiko, 11, center and Kiyoshi, 14, right, at the WCCA Control Station in Oakland, Ca before departing by bus for the Tanforan Assembly Center on May 6, 1942. The Kitagaki's were later sent to the Topaz Internment Camp in Utah. Family friend Dorothea Hightower hands Kimiko Kitagaki a pamphlet expressing the good wishes of the church toward the departing evacuees. Mr. Kitagaki, prior to evacuation, was in the cleaning and dyeing business wiith a shop on Piedmont Ave. in Oakland. The family tag number is 20247 and the family was interned at the Topaz Internment camp in the Utah desert.
    Dorothea Lange
  • Young evacuee, Kimiko Kitagaki,11, of Japanese ancestry guarding the family belongings near the WCCA Control Station at 1118 Oak Street in Oakland, Calif. In half an hour the evacuation bus will depart for Tanforan Assembly center. and from there to a permanent detention center in the Utah desert at Topaz Interment Camp. Photographer: Dorothea Lange-- Oakland, California. 5/ 6/ 42
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Nisei, second generation Japanese Americans, Agnes Eiko Kitagaki (Takahashi) Poston Internment camp, Kimiko Wong (Kitagaki), and her brother, Paul Kiyoshi Kitagaki, (Topaz Internment Camp) with their Sansei, third generation Japanese America children, Sharon Young (Wong) and Paul Kitagaki Jr. stand outside of the building on 12th and Oak Streets where KImiko and Kiyoshi were photographed by Dorothea Lange before they boarded a bus in May of 1942 for the Tanforan Assembly center and then Topaz Interment camp. Photographed September, 18, 2005.
    Paul Kitagaki Jr. | Paul Kitagaki Jr.©2012
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Japanese American Taketora Jim Tanaka, 85, was a member of the highly decorated Japanese Amercian 442nd Combat Regiment Company "A" during WWI and won a Bronze star for bravery dring combat in Europe. Photographed in Sacramento, Calif., February 14, 2012. He said, "The men never left a man in no man's land." The native born Sacramento resident was interned in the Topaz Interment camp in the Utah desert and was drafted August 24, 1944.
    Paul Kitagaki Jr. | pkitagaki@sacbee.com
  • Japanese American Internees 70 years after Executive Order 9066
    Japanese American Kiyo Sato was interned at Poston internment camp with her family during WWII stands in her happiness room at her home in Sacramento, Calif., February 06, 2012. Behind her is a photo collage of her family and a painting of an Ofuro, a Japanese bath, from the internment camp.
    Paul Kitagaki Jr. | pkitagaki@sacbee.com
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