Leonardo and the Last Supper
Bloomsbury, $28, 320 pages
Inventor, painter, designer Leonardo Da Vinci was a brilliant man. This undeniable fact is borne out by his drawings, his notebooks, his paintings and one fresco in particular "The Last Supper" in the Dominican convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan, Italy.
But, according to Ross King, it wasn't a job Da Vinci wanted.
In "Leonardo and the Last Supper," King gives us a portrait of the times behind Da Vinci, and the politics and decisions that went into the creation of the painting.
Renaissance Italy was split into many principalities Milan, Florence, Venice among them, all of which "vied to surpass one another not on the field of battle but in the taste and splendor of their accomplishments," says King.
King, noted for "Brunelleschi's Dome" and "Michelangelo and the Pope's Ceiling" knows how to do his research. He gives a view of the ambitious but frustrated Da Vinci at that time.
"By the age of forty-two and in an era when life expectancy was only forty Leonardo had produced only a few scattered paintings, a bizarre-looking musical instrument, some ephemeral decorations for masques and festivals, and many hundreds of pages of notes and drawings for studies he had not yet published, or for inventions he had not yet built."
Da Vinci had come to Milan a decade before, attaching himself to the court of Duke Lodovico Sforza in anticipation of creating weapons and war machines. Unfortunately, the artist's time was more spent creating trivial entertainments and stage plays. He had pitched the idea of a great bronze horse statue as a monument to Lodovico's father and "eight to ten" years later, he had nearly completed the clay model when Milan went to war.
The artist longed for something more eternal to add to his reputation but ran into the problem that his patron knew he was "notorious for his slow progress." Finally, Sforza gives him the convent assignment.
Da Vinci wasn't a fresco painter, but he read avidly and applied what he learned. For example, Ross suggests that in mixing his plaster Da Vinci might have read "De re aedificatoria (On the art of building)" by Leon Battista Alberti which mentions using oil paints on a dry wall. Da Vinci "began adding his paints in successive layers, allowing one to dry before adding the next: A process impossible in fresco."
In a time when literary wasn't common but everyone knew the story that a religious painting told, a painting of an apostle's hand gesture was important.
"Leonardo and the Last Supper" takes you back into a time when every painted face, every painted gesture, had multiple meanings to the people of the time, but are unknown to people today. It is a fascinating history of a world-famous painting.