Armando Franca / The Associated Press

Cans with boneless and skinned sardines sit on a tray at A Poveira canned fish factory in Povoa de Varzim, northern Portugal. The canned fish industry that flourished during the second world war is enjoying a revival despite the country's financial crisis. The expanding factory predicts to double its production this year and hire dozens more workers. About eighty percent of Portugal's canned fish is exported.

Are introvert sardines likely to protest all the time when done

Published: Wednesday, Aug. 28, 2013 - 12:56 pm

My Slate colleague Katy Waldman discusses the Internet’s odd obsession with introversion 1 / 8INTROVERT, moved Tuesday 3 / 8, chalking it up to the structure of the Web itself, which allows introverts and shy extroverts to “interact from a distance, take time to compose their thoughts, and present a safe, curated image to the world.”

That’s great news for the future of clickbait listicle production, but could it be bad for civic culture? It seems doubtful an introvert-friendly culture would be conducive to real-world political organizing as opposed to less effective, Internet-driven, “slacktivist” campaigns.

But a study published this month in the journal Political Psychology uses data collected on citizens of Leipzig in the years after the fall of the Berlin Wall to discover which of the “big five” personality traits – openness, conscientiousness, extroversion, agreeableness and neuroticism – factor into a person’s propensity for participation in political protest. Protest propensity, as authors Hermann Brandstatter and Karl-Dieter Opp define it, is a person’s disposition to both “think of participating in political protest as a means of improving the individual and collective socioeconomic situation” and to “act by participation in protest activities.”

You might think that those who scored high in extroversion – defined as those who exhibit the “tendency to seek the company of others, external stimulation, a high level of activities, and 1 / 8enjoy 3 / 8 being emotionally expressive” – would show a high protest propensity. Street protests provide all of those things in abundance! But in fact, “contrary to the predictions, extroversion turned out to be irrelevant in this context.” Openness to experience, neuroticism and agreeableness were found to be the significant factors.

It would be a mistake to read too much into this. It’s a limited sample from a very particular historical and cultural moment. And studies from other regions have shown extroversion to be correlated with other types of political activity, such as contacting local representatives. But it’s probably worth keeping in mind that the people willing to go out on the streets with political demands aren’t necessarily the ones you’d expect.


Keating is a staff writer at Slate focusing on international news, social science and related topics. He was previously an editor at Foreign Policy magazine.

Read more articles by Joshua Keating



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