Re "Pope embraces Marxism" (Letters, Dec. 3): Letter writer John Costello was partially right about capitalism when he said it put people to work and raised them to middle-class status. The middle class only rose after labor unions and government regulations forced the richest capitalists to start sharing the pie, so to speak. In the United States, unionism took off in the 1930s, and by the 1960s, the American middle class was at its peak. Unions began shrinking in the 1980s, starting with the breakup of the air traffic controllers union, and so has the middle class.
-- David Andrakin, Orangevale