When President Barack Obama arrived in Oklahoma City on Wednesday, a vulgar sight awaited him: about 10 demonstrators across the street from his downtown hotel waving Confederate battle flags as the motorcade pulled up.
Such a greeting of the nation’s first black president would have been appalling under any circumstance. It was all the more repugnant because of what it followed – last month’s black church massacre in South Carolina – and by what it preceded: Obama’s visit to a prison Thursday to showcase the problem with sentencing policies that have filled our prisons with nonviolent offenders who are disproportionately African American.
“People of color are more likely to be stopped, frisked, questioned, charged, detained,” he told the NAACP last week. “African Americans are more likely to be arrested. They are more likely to be sentenced to more time for the same crime. … Around 1 in 9 African American kids has a parent in prison.”
Oklahoma was just the latest reminder of how little progress has been made in what was naively greeted with Obama’s election seven years ago as “postracial America.” In May, Obama joined Twitter – and was met by a flood of racist tweets. In June, a South Carolina man who had posed with the Confederate flag and posted a racist manifesto online killed nine at Charleston’s Emanuel AME Church.
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This month, just as South Carolina finally took down the Confederate flag at its State House, Republicans in Congress proposed protecting it on federal lands. Meantime, Donald Trump’s popularity among Republicans has surged since he began his campaign of racially charged rhetoric on immigration.
Following an endless stream of police violence against unarmed black men, it’s enough to drive one to despair. The gloom comes through in a deeply pessimistic new book, “Between the World and Me,” in which The Atlantic’s Ta-Nehisi Coates holds out little hope for white Americans, who, he says, deceive themselves by living an idyllic “dream” of prosperity made possible by structural racism. “The plunder of black life was drilled into this country in its infancy and reinforced across its history,” he writes.
Of white Americans, he advises: “Do not pin your struggle on their conversion. The Dreamers will have to learn to struggle themselves, to understand that the field for their Dream, the stage where they have painted themselves white, is the deathbed of us all.”
But the recent ugliness has coincided with a change in Obama’s public approach to race. He had been shy about race for much of his presidency, and when the president did speak, as The Washington Post’s Janell Ross recently noted, he would often “lecture black America about its behavior.” Now, she wrote, Obama may sound “something like the black president some white Americans across the political spectrum feared (or hoped for).”
I’m one of those white Americans who had hoped for it. It’s not Obama’s job to end racism, and he is probably in a no-win position on race (as illustrated by his “If I had a son, he’d look like Trayvon” Martin remark), but I’m buoyed to have the president speaking as loudly as the haters.
Last Tuesday before the NAACP, he spoke of the “legacy of hundreds of years of slavery and segregation, and structural inequalities that compounded over generations.” On June 26 came his eulogy in South Carolina – perhaps the best rhetoric of his presidency, but also a call for action over words. “Every time something like this happens, somebody says we have to have a conversation about race,” he said. “We don’t need more talk.”
What we need, for one thing, is the sentencing reforms he spoke about last week. As more nonviolent drug offenders (often black) have been put away, the United States now has 5 percent of the world’s population but 25 percent of its prisoners. The issue has Republican support, which raises the possibility of rare late-term legislative achievement.
Nobody thinks such a law will erase racism. But, as Obama said last week, “If we keep taking steps toward a more perfect union, and close the gaps between who we are and who we want to be, America will move forward.”
It’s the perfect response to the Confederate flag wavers.