Almost 40,000 California residents left the state to start college at a four-year university in 2014, nearly double the number leaving in 2006, according to new data submitted by colleges to the U.S. Department of Education.
By comparison, about 15,000 students left other states in 2014 to start college in California.
About 1,200 students from California started school at Northern Arizona University in 2014, up from about 200 in 2006. The number of Californians starting at the University of Oregon rose from about 450 to roughly 1,060. At Boise State, the numbers rose from 71 in 2006 to 346 in 2014.
The trend comes as the University of California system is trying harder to attract out-of-state students, mostly to pay the bills.
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California does not have a surplus of college students, and it will need hundreds of thousands more in coming years to sustain its economy, according to recent studies by the Public Policy Institute of California. Large numbers of students leaving the state threaten California’s future, particularly if many don’t return.
A few things are behind the trend. Colleges nationwide increasingly recruit out-of-state students because they pay more tuition. High school seniors often use modern technology to apply to dozens of schools with a single mouse click, expanding their options. And tuition for public colleges in California is much higher today than it was a decade ago, making the state's schools seem like less of a bargain.
At the University of California, competition for admission is fierce - and there are not a lot of new slots available. The UC system enrolls fewer freshmen from California today than it did in 2008.
Use this database to see how many California first-time, degree-seeking undergraduates enroll at nearly every four-year college in America.
Source: U.S. Department of Education:Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System
Notes: Updated: 1/08/2016 | Excludes colleges with fewer than 100 freshmen.