This Week in Sacramento History May 28-June 3

May 28, 1918: The Sacramento City Commission hears from department heads warning they will lose low-paid but essential staff unless wages are increased. Commissioner G.C. Simmons, citing the recent loss of four men from the fire department, calls this is an emergency situation.

Quote: "Compulsory arbitration does not mean involuntary servitude. If that be so, the man who obeys the order of any court is a slave. The government has the right to say to quarreling Labor and Capital: 'You must go on with your work and with your activities.' " -- Bee editorial, defending government intervention in labor disputes

May 29, 1903: The Retail Grocery Clerks Association rejects a proposal by the Grocers Association to give clerks a 10-hour workday, as well as to reserve the right to keep stores open after 6 p.m. all nights except Saturday. Some owners intend to be open a half day Memorial Day, but the union wants members to boycott.

Quote: "This is one of the best laws that Sacramento has ever passed for the purification of the town." -- John Sullivan, chief of police, praising a new ordinance outlawing "side entrances" to saloons, which many young women use to sneak into the liquor establishments

May 30, 1958: The state Department of Education long-term budget calls for $13 million in capital spending at Sacramento State College over six years. The 1959-60 construction program includes a science addition, a women's gymnasium and a swimming pool. Projects for 1960-64 include: a student activities center, the Art and Economics Building, the Music and Speech Building, and an auditorium.

Quote: "The advocates of the right to work bill claim they want to protect the rights of the minority. This minority includes a disgruntled few seeking to enjoy without responsibility all the rights and benefits for which organized labor has worked for so long." -- Nathan Hunter, letter to the editor

May 31, 1990: Sacramento city staff members offer a compromise plan for the development of the R Street corridor to allow some high-rise offices closer to downtown, but designate most of the area for housing. The proposal is an attempt to resolve a three-year debate over the area's future.

Quote: "The job of creating a first-rate educational system in California is tougher than it's ever been, not only because of the enormous diversity ... of enrollment ... but because the economy has few places for failures and dropouts." -- Bee editorial, calling for greater financial and community support of primary and secondary schools

June 1, 1863: The Sacramento Board of City Trustees meets . On the first ballot, they elect J. Harding as Poundmaster. Eli Mayo submits the May report for the city pound, which delineates the total number of livestock impounded: 41 cows, 13 horses and mules, six hogs and 12 goats. All these animals have been claimed and redeemed by city residents.

Two new weekly newspapers have started in San Andreas. One called the Times is owned by L.M. Schrack and is Copperhead in philosophy. [Copperheads were a northern faction of Democrats who wanted an immediate peace with the Confederates.] The other, called the Register, is published by S.W.D. Hill, and is Republican in orientation.

June 2, 1916: The Mammoth Copper Co. in Kenneth (Shasta County) announces it will increase the wages of 1,200 workers by an additional 25 cents per day. The pay hike is retroactive to May 16. The new bonus is in effect as long as copper sells for 28 cents per pound or better in New York.

Quote: "There should be no delay in requiring at least two entrances or exits to all kinds of lodgings. This especially should be enforced where sleeping rooms are ... above street level. With one exit only, and that blocked by flames, persons trapped on upper floors have little chance." -- Bee editorial, in response to a near-fatal fire

June 3, 1979: Construction is under way at Summer Hills Plaza, a 17.5-acre shopping center at the northwest corner of Antelope Road and Interstate 80 in Citrus Heights. When completed in October, it will consist of 13 individual buildings housing office, retail and professional tenants. A major tenant will be Raley's Market, with 60,000 square feet for a supermarket-drugstore -- the largest store in the Raley chain.

Quote: "I am sick of reading about protesters. Even though there is an acute energy shortage, the protesters object to everything having to do with increasing the supply." -- C.L. Burger, in a letter blasting environmentalists who oppose new oil, coal, hydroelectric and nuclear projects