A Palestinian state may still seem a long way off, but in the rocky hills of the West Bank, construction of the first planned Palestinian city is in full swing, a model for many here of the potential for independence.
With Palestinian flags sprouting from cranes among the rising apartment buildings, and a giant Palestinian banner on a commanding lookout point, the emerging city is both a symbol and a physical expression of nation-building. Located a few miles north of Ramallah, the headquarters of the Palestinian Authority, it’s called Rawabi, or “hills” in Arabic.
“The Palestinian state is a reality in the making, and this state had better be a first-class state, not second-rate, or it would be better not to have it,” said Bashar Masri, the American-educated entrepreneur who’s behind the project, speaking in a prefab complex that serves as his on-site office. “We need to prove to ourselves and have the self-assurance that we are able to build, despite the occupation. Without it, wait and see what we can do.”
The project, the largest private-sector Palestinian enterprise ever, has injected a ray of hope for many Palestinians into an otherwise bleak landscape of expanding Israeli settlements, military checkpoints and diplomatic deadlock despite a recent resumption of negotiations with Israel.
Intended to house up to 40,000 residents, Rawabi has all the trappings of modern community planning, with recreation and public areas, a high-speed fiber optic network for phones and Internet, a central gas supply, solar-powered water heating, and wastewater treatment and recycling for the irrigation of public parks.
Plans call for a pedestrian-only commercial center, with shops, restaurants, a five-star hotel and spa, movie theaters, office towers, a cultural center and convention hall. There also will be a complex of schools, as well as an outdoor amphitheater and soccer stadium.
The development, intended to attract professionals and young families, would produce the first Palestinian city that was planned from start to finish, a stark contrast to existing Palestinian cities – urban sprawls built around ancient cores and plagued by spotty public services.
The developer of Rawabi is the Bayti Real Estate Investment Co., a joint venture of Masri’s development company, Massar International, and Diar, a Qatari government-owned real estate investment company.
At a state-of-the-art showroom on a hill high over the project, prospective buyers can view a 3-D film and models simulating what the town is expected to look like. A row of bank branches provides loans and generous mortgages, and a second-floor exhibit shows interior design options, including imported tiles and sample kitchens.
The view below, beyond the rows of apartment buildings clad in locally quarried stone, stretches to the Israeli coastal plain, with panoramic signs for visitors noting Israeli cities, including the towers of Tel Aviv.
Masri said that despite calls for boycotts of Israel in the Palestinian community, he had no problem working with Israeli companies, from which he bought building materials and other supplies, though he won’t do business with suppliers based in Jewish settlements. The Israeli authorities in the West Bank, for their part, have posted green Israeli road signs in Hebrew, Arabic and English pointing to the new city.
But the continued Israeli control of some 60 percent of the West Bank, known as “area C,” has created problems for the Rawabi project, which is in the Palestinian-controlled zone.
Masri said construction was delayed for two years while waiting for Israeli authorities to approve an access road that cut through area C. The existing road is only two lanes, hardly sufficient for a planned community of 40,000. Other planned access routes bisect area C, and they’ll require negotiation for Israeli permits, as well.
Water, supplied by the Israelis, is also insufficient for residents’ needs, Masri said, adding that a shortage recently forced a halt in pouring cement for construction. The initial group of 600 apartments has been sold, with the first residents expected to move in by next fall.
The project has generated several thousand jobs, including 4,000 on-site, and Masri said he hoped it would become a business hub attracting information technology companies, as well as communications and advertising firms, much like neighboring Ramallah.
Palestinian planners, architects and engineers, some of whom have returned from abroad, have been involved in the Rawabi project, which Masri calls both a business venture and national enterprise in what remains an unstable environment.
“There is a risk involved in such a development, but if we don’t do such projects in Palestine, who’s going to do it?” he said. “We can’t wait for handouts from other nations. Palestinians have been successful all over the world and have a lot to offer a prospective Palestinian state. This is our home, and we need to make it happen, despite all the challenges.”
Osama al Bast, 54, who works in the office of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, recently signed a purchase contract for a three-bedroom apartment in Rawabi (apartment prices range from $60,000 to $200,000), and pronounced himself optimistic about the future. He called it “an ideal city” with an environmentally friendly infrastructure and generous home-purchase terms, nestled in the hills “away from the crowd in Ramallah.”
“It’s very calm,” said Bast, who’s married and has two children. “If we are going to advance toward peace, the future will be better.”
Dr. Ahmad Hamdan, 57, a pediatrician who also bought an apartment in Rawabi, said people who were hesitant to move there were worried about access on roads with Israeli checkpoints, which could slow or block travel to neighboring Ramallah or to Nablus, to the north.
“Stability makes you think twice before you move. If this is worked out with the Israelis, and those (new approach) roads will be a reality, Rawabi will be a peaceful place and contribute to the peace process,” he said.
Samir Hulileh, the chief executive of PADICO, a leading Palestinian investment company, said Rawabi’s contribution to the West Bank provided an important morale boost that went beyond the jobs generated by the project and business for local suppliers.
“This is a project so big and so different than what we’ve had before that it gives hope to people that someone is ready to invest in Palestine to that extent, in spite of the conflict and in spite of the challenges,” he said. “Projects like Rawabi inspire people more than just bringing jobs. Israel should understand that the stability you are creating is worth a million roads and years of bargaining and negotiation.”