Weather

Ask Scoopy: Sun, moon and earth

Q: How often do two blue moons occur in a year?

A: Only three or four times per century.

Q: How often does a blue moon occur?

A: Once every 2 1/2 years.

Q: What is a blue moon?

A: The second full moon in the same month.

Q: How hot is the surface of the sun?

A: About 11,000 degrees.

Q: Earth's seasons are due mainly to what?

A: Earth's seasons are due to its 23.5 degree axis tilt.

Q: How fast does a medium speed meteor travel across the sky?

A: About 27 miles per second.

Q: What solar cycle started in January 2008?

A: Solar cycle 24.

Q: How far away is the sun?

A: On average, 92,955,807 miles.

Q: When is the sun farthest south in the Southern Hemisphere?

A: Winter solstice, which is on or around Dec. 21.

Q: How long is the sun up on June 22 in Sacramento?

A: 14 hours and 51 minutes.

Q: How long is the sun up in Sacramento on Dec. 22?

A: Nine hours and 28 minutes.

Q: What is civil twilight?

A: The time period when the sun is no more than 6 degrees below the horizon.

Q: How long is the sun up in Anchorage today? (Dec. 1)

A: Only 6 hours and 7 minutes.

Q: What kind of radiation does the sun emit the most of?

A: Visible light. Among others, it also emits ultraviolet radiation.

Q: How many hours of sunlight does the North Pole see on June 21?

A: 24

Q: How many hours of daylight do we see on the equinox?

A: 12 hours.

Q: Why is the moon larger when it is on the horizon?

A: It actually isn't. Your brain is actually tricking you.

Q: What kind of radiation does the sun emit the most of?

A: Visible light. Among others, it also emits ultraviolet radiation.

Q: How much of the Earth is covered in water?

A: About 70 percent of Earth's surface is covered in water.

Q: Which solar phenomenon produces the aurora?

A: The solar wind.

Q: How much of the Earth is covered in permanent snow and ice?

A: About 12 percent of Earth's land surface.

Q: Without sunscreen and a UV index of 5, how fast can you get a sunburn?

A: About 30 minutes.

Q: A parhelion is also known as what phenomenon?

A: It is also called a sundog.

Q: If you are staring at a rainbow, where is the sun?

A: Behind you.

Q: Solar activity cycles every how many years?

A: Every 10 or 11 years.

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