What if we talked about gun violence, and discussed only bullet size?
To me, that seems akin to the presidential campaign discussion of women’s health. Somehow in nine Democratic debates, not a single question was asked about women’s health, and when the issue came up elsewhere it was often in the narrowest form, about abortion: Democrats proclaim a woman’s right to choose, and Republicans thunder about the sanctity of human life.
Women’s health goes far beyond that. It should be a national scandal that a woman dies of cervical cancer almost once every two hours. That about 70 percent of pregnancies to young, unmarried women are unplanned. That a woman dies every eight hours from domestic violence.
In each case, we know how to address these problems. But we’re not doing it urgently enough.
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It may seem, er, odd for a man to be raising the topic, but the lives of women shouldn’t be a priority for women alone. Mark Twain once mused about where men would be without women: “They would be scarce, sir – almighty scarce.” Twain is right that we men have a stake in the status of women, for we are sons, husbands and fathers to women we love.
The shortcomings in women’s health parallel those of men’s health and children’s health, and include a myopia about the importance of preventive and reproductive health. It’s a tragedy that nearly a dozen women die a day of cervical cancer in the United States, many of them young women in the prime of life. This is utterly unnecessary, for cervical cancer can be detected early with screenings and then defeated, but many women just don’t get screenings.
Likewise, the HPV vaccine prevents most cases of cervical cancer, but even now, 40 percent of adolescent girls don’t get the vaccination, along with 58 percent of boys (the vaccine protects boys from other, rarer cancers and can benefit their partners).
When nearly a dozen women die a day of something so preventable – far more than are killed by, say, terrorism – you’d think we’d be urgently trying to save lives. In some ways we have made progress: Kudos to President Barack Obama for making HPV vaccinations and cervical cancer screenings typically free.
But we’re going backward when states close Planned Parenthood clinics that perform the screenings, without even ensuring that there are alternatives in place.
A second underaddressed area of women’s health is family planning. A slight majority of American women will have an unplanned pregnancy at some point in their lives, and surveys show that American kids have sex about as often as European kids but have babies about three times as often as Spanish kids and eight times as often as Swiss kids. That’s partly because of meager U.S. sex education, and partly because of a lack of access to contraception, particularly LARCs – long-acting reversible contraceptives, like implants and IUDs.
The Title X national family planning program provides LARCs, cancer screenings and much more, and an analysis by the Guttmacher Institute found that Title X-supported clinics prevent three women a day from dying of cervical cancer – and also prevent 1 million unplanned pregnancies a year and 345,000 abortions. That makes Title X one of the most successful anti-abortion programs, yet Republicans regularly try to defund it. After inflation, Title X now has less than one-third as much money as in 1980.
“Women’s health” goes beyond the pelvis, so the conversation should include domestic violence. A woman is assaulted in the United States every nine seconds, and 20,000 calls a day are placed to domestic violence hotlines. When millions of women are beaten, threatened or stalked by current or former boyfriends or husbands, what is that but a women’s health issue?
I’ll never forget hearing from women in shelters about the gut-wrenching fear for themselves and their children that they constantly face – often with little help from the authorities.
In each of these areas, we have solutions. Screenings and HPV vaccinations prevent deaths from cervical cancer. Ready access to LARCs hugely reduce unplanned pregnancies and abortions. Cracking down on domestic violence offenders, mandating treatment and taking guns from those under protection orders – all these help. But we’re not doing enough.
So let’s broaden the conversation about women’s health this political season, for the benefit of women and the men who love them.
Correction: In my Sunday column I mischaracterized figures in PolitiFact analyses. Based on PolitiFact numbers, the percentage of statements by each presidential candidate rated to be “true” or “mostly true” were: John Kasich, 52 percent; Hillary Clinton, 50 percent; Bernie Sanders, 49 percent; Ted Cruz, 22 percent; and Donald Trump, 9 percent. They were not 33 percent, 95 percent, 46 percent, 23 percent and 12 percent, respectively. My apologies.
Contact Kristof at Facebook.com/Kristof or Twitter.com/NickKristof.