Which city – San Francisco or Los Angeles – do you love to hate more?
This is shaping up to be California’s question for 2018. Each of the top contenders for governor is a former mayor of one those cities, and each embodies certain grievances about his hometown. And backers of both candidates are playing to these resentments.
Gavin Newsom, like San Francisco, is derided as too wealthy, too white, too progressive, too cerebral, too cold and so focused on a culturally liberal agenda that you might call him out of touch. Antonio Villaraigosa, like Los Angeles, is dissed as too street, too Latino, too instinctual, too warm and so unfocused in his economically liberal agenda that you might say he lacks a center.
The interesting news of this contest of city loathing is that there is a contest at all.
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For decades, Los Angeles was second to none in the amount of contempt it feels from other Californians. The City of the Angels – with its smog, traffic, gangs and phony Hollywood stars – represented everything the rest of the state was determined not to be. “Beat L.A.” was such a unifying chant – heard in stadiums and arenas from Sacramento to San Diego – that it could have replaced “Eureka” as the state motto.
San Francisco was smaller, charming and mostly beloved. But over the last generation, L.A. has weakened – especially since the early 1990s recession – while San Francisco has become unimaginably wealthy and powerful.
In “The Rise and Fall of Urban Economies: Lessons From San Francisco and Los Angeles,” UCLA’s Michael Storper and other researchers showed that the Bay Area and Greater L.A. were similar in the 1970s in household income, innovation, investment, education and creative jobs. But they have since diverged so that the Bay Area’s household incomes are 50 percent higher, and L.A. now lags in educational attainment and investment.
The study found that San Francisco’s open culture encouraged the exchange of ideas that drives growth, while L.A.’s top-down economy, dominated by a few key players, translated into less intellectual ferment, and too much investment in the old economy.
But this new, advanced San Francisco Bay Area has stirred more resentment. It is too expensive for most Californians to even contemplate living there. Its technology companies now reach into our intimate lives, disrupting our work.
And it has taken over state politics. One of our U.S. senators, Dianne Feinstein, is a former San Francisco mayor, the other, Kamala Harris, is a former San Francisco district attorney. This power is not just the product of a San Francisco political culture that breeds competitive candidates; it also reflects a public that participates more. Though the Bay Area has a million fewer voters than L.A. County, in elections the Bay Area often records more votes.
Such power sparks complaints: Conservative billionaire investor Peter Thiel is moving to L.A. because the Bay Area is too dogmatically liberal.
But he may be disappointed because the two cities have so much in common. As do the two gubernatorial contenders. Both are among America’s most progressive politicians, representing two of America’s most progressive places. Both are bright men who, perhaps because they struggled as students, sometimes betray insecurity about their intellects. Both endured personal scandals for which their cities have forgiven them.
Ideally, California would get a governor who brings lessons from both cities. Newsom, having run San Francisco, has experience governing in a one-party place, which is what Sacramento has become. Villaraigosa, having run a sprawling state-sized city, understands how to seize the attention of an apathetic public.
I wish Antonio had more of Gavin’s Bay Area jones for data. I wish Gavin had more of Antonio’s L.A. groundedness and horse-sense. But what I most wish is that, during this fight between two cities, we don’t forget just how lucky California is to be home to both.
Joe Mathews writes the Connecting California column for Zócalo Public Square. He can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org.