California’s technology sector has booted up a bigger presence in politics in recent years, a shift for an industry that began on the outside but is fast becoming an inside player.
Silicon Valley still has some catching up to do. Tech firms are still not as big a force as Wall Street banks or health care companies. But unlike many sectors that are cutting back on such efforts, Big Tech is expanding its participation in politics, whether that’s support for particular candidates or lobbying on issues important to the industry.
“They’re no longer the little guys trying to make it,” said Paul Goodman, an attorney with the Greenlining Institute, a social justice advocacy organization in Berkeley.
California-based companies such as Apple, Google, Yahoo and Facebook have long grown out of the dorm rooms and garages where they were founded and have since become powerful corporations with policy priorities.
“They understand how the political game in D.C. is played,” said Dave Levinthal, who tracks tech-sector politics and lobbying for the Center for Public Integrity, a nonpartisan investigative research group in Washington, “and they’re playing it at a high level.”
Not surprisingly, though, technology companies are accustomed to changing at a faster pace than the one at which Washington usually operates.
“There’s deep disappointment that Washington, D.C., doesn’t run at the same speed as business,” said Steve Wright, a senior vice president at the San Jose-based Silicon Valley Leadership Group, which has 400 member companies.
The industry has four basic priorities, Wright said: immigration reform, corporate tax reform, cybersecurity and net neutrality. Although the tech sector has a left-leaning reputation, the industry has been more even-handed in its political contributions.
The same sector that’s been a staunch supporter of Rep. Nancy Pelosi, the House Democratic leader and a San Francisco liberal, is also a big backer of Rep. Kevin McCarthy, a Bakersfield conservative who recently ascended to House majority leader.
Excluding presidential candidates, since 2001 the technology sector has given a total of $365 million to Democrats and $312 million to Republicans, according to an analysis of campaign data by MapLight, a nonpartisan organization that tracks money’s influence on politics.
“The bottom line for them is their bottom line,” Levinthal said. “They want someone, first and foremost, who’s an advocate for their issues.”
Case in point: President Barack Obama. The success of Obama’s first presidential campaign was due, in no small part, to his early backing in 2007 by Silicon Valley. He is by far the biggest benefactor of tech-sector money among current officeholders, according to the MapLight analysis.
MapLight showed that Obama has received more than $16.5 million from technology companies, their employees and political action committees since 2004.
The next four officeholders who ran, unsuccessfully, for president, in the same time frame collected only half of Obama’s haul: Secretary of State John Kerry; former Sen. Hillary Clinton, D-N.Y.; Sen. John McCain, R-Ariz.; and former Rep. Ron Paul, R-Texas.
Silicon Valley has some Ayn Rand fans, as well. Paul, a libertarian who mounted multiple bids for the presidency, collected more than $1.4 million from tech-sector donors.
“The industry is known for liking iconoclasts,” said Sarah Bryner, research director for the Center for Responsive Politics, a nonpartisan group that compiles data on campaign spending and lobbying.
According to the group’s numbers, six of the 10 biggest spenders on lobbying for tech-sector interests in 2013 were California-based companies: Google, Oracle, Hewlett-Packard, Facebook, Intel and Apple. Goodman said they are building a presence in Washington for a reason.
“They don’t do anything without a long-term goal in mind,” he said. “They’re thinking very far ahead.”
Take immigration. Technology companies have been clamoring for a comprehensive immigration bill to increase the number of work visas for the foreign-born talent they need, but have been frustrated by Washington gridlock.
The recent surprise primary upset of former House Majority Leader Eric Cantor, R-Va., was considered by some observers to be a blow to those efforts. His successor as majority leader, McCarthy, was thought to be less receptive to tech-favored legislation.
Not so, according to Wright, of the Silicon Valley Leadership Group. He said that McCarthy held a conference call last week with several tech-industry CEOs. Though he hails from the agriculture-dominated Central Valley, the new House majority leader has become a frequent visitor to Silicon Valley. Wright said McCarthy sends other Republican lawmakers there, as well, to hear the industry’s perspective.
“He clearly gets it,” Wright said.
Silicon Valley is also spending big to send one of its own to Congress. Ro Khanna, a Fremont lawyer who’s represented technology companies in intellectual-property cases, is running for California’s 17th District House seat against a fellow Democrat and longtime incumbent, Rep. Mike Honda. They finished as the top two candidates in the June primary and will face off again in November.
Excluding special elections for Senate seats, Khanna, 37, has been the biggest recipient of tech-sector support in any congressional race. At more than $336,000 this cycle, he has outpaced every member of the current leadership in the House of Representatives and the Senate.
Should Khanna win, his district’s proximity to Silicon Valley could guarantee support well into the future, if the tech-sector contributions to Reps. Anna Eshoo and Zoe Lofgren are any indication. Eshoo and Lofgren, Democrats elected in 1992 and 1994, respectively, whose districts include large concentrations of Silicon Valley firms, have racked up huge contributions from the industry.
According to the Center for Responsive Politics, Eshoo has collected nearly $894,000 in tech-sector money since 2002, while Lofgren has received more than $810,000.
By comparison, California Sens. Barbara Boxer and Dianne Feinstein, both Democrats with significant committee chairmanships, received only $652,000 and $402,000, respectively, in the same period.
Pelosi, who was House speaker from 2007 to 2011, received a mere $309,000.
Sometimes committee assignments can be just as crucial as senior leadership positions. Eshoo is the ranking member of the House Energy and Commerce Committee’s Subcommittee on Communications and Technology. Lofgren sits on the House Judiciary Committee, which will be crucial in getting any immigration bill through Congress.
To be sure, the tech sector is behind leading Republicans, too, even if they’re not from states where the industry has a big presence. In addition to McCarthy, House Speaker John Boehner of Ohio; Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell of Kentucky; and Rep. Bob Goodlatte of Virginia, chairman of the House Judiciary Committee, are among the top recipients.
“You give a little bit of money to everybody just to hedge your bets,” Goodman said.